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Hero of the Philippine Revolution
Gregoria de Jesus
From her autobiography


Emilio Jacinto

After staying about one week in Mr. Javier's house, we decided to look for a residence of our own and we found one on Calle Anyahan in front of the San Ignacio Chapel, and after that I began to do all I could for the propagation and growth of the Katipunan: K.K.K. ng mga A,N.B. (Kataastaasan Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan). For this reason, almost all the belongings of the Katipunan, such as revolvers, and other weapons, the seal and all the papers, were in my custody, since in those days, Emilio Jacinto, the Secretary of the Katipunan, lived at our house.

He (Emilio Jacinto) was in charge also of the printing press used by the Katipunan and was the first to print the Kartilla and the "Ten Commandments" that were drawn up by Andres and himself, who were like brothers. Andres was the author of the first regulations of the Ten Commandments, Emilio Jacinto, (the Kartilla) a later one , so that it could be truthfully said that Andres was the author of the idea, but because of his affection for and in deference to Emilio Jacinto, the Kartilla written by the latter was made to prevail and put into effect by the Katipuneros.

Loss of a Son

Time passed and after more than a year, I was about to become a mother. Andres Bonifacio temporarily moved me to my parents' house where I had been born, and there too our eldest child saw the first light of day, a boy whom we christened also Andres Bonifacio and whose godfather was Pio Valenzuela. After two months, I returned to Manila, and before the end of the year we were victims of a fire on Dulongbayan which occurred on Maundy Thursday, 1896, at 3:00 p.m., and caused us endless trouble. We were forced to move from one house to another until a sad event overtook us at the house of Pio Valenzuela, on Calle Lavezares, Binondo, where our child died. In this house we lived for a while, then we moved to Calle Magdalena, Trozo. By this time, the Spanish government had tightened its vigilance over the Katipunan.

Punishment in the Katipunan

As I remember it, the punishment given those who failed to obey the precepts of the Katipunan, for example, those who committed adultery, was to summon them immediately as soon as their guilt became known, and instead of punishing them, immediately the following admonition was read to them: "If you don't want your mother, wife, or sister abused, you should likewise refrain from abusing those of others, for such offense is fully worth three lives. Therefore, bear in mind always that you should never do to others what you do not want done an honorable son of the country.

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