Christmas: How do Filipinos Celebrate Christmas?

    September to January || Philippines

    Filipinos celebrate the longest Christmas season in the world. As soon as it is “Ber” ( as in SeptemBER”), festive Christmas carols begin to play on the radio, and Christmas decorations begin to appear. Christmas trees begin appear a bit later, around the second or third week of November ( just before the US Thanksgiving holidays )

    Christmas lights

    The Christmas song play until Three Kings Day ( first Sunday of January) and the decorations stay even longer, sometimes up to February.

    See The Maligayang Pasko Chordbook for some favorite Filipino Christmas carols.

    So how do Filipinos really celebrate Christmas?


    1. Play Filipino Christmas songs

    2. Decorate homes and offices with Christmas lights, lanterns.


    3. Prepare for Christmas parties.

    4. Begin spending 13th month pay by going Christmas shopping


    5. Go “karoling” or serenade neighbors, friends and benefactors with Christmas carols to spread holiday cheers.

    6. Reward carolers with cash and/or snacks.

    December 16

    7. Attend "Simbang gabi”, which is a daily Mass for nine days, held at dawn, beginning December 16.

    When available, eat puto bumbong (sticky rice steamed inside a "bumbong," or small bamboo tube), "bibingka" (rice cake with salted eggs and fresh coconut meat) and "suman" (steamed rice wrapped in banana leaves) outside the church. Wash them down by drinking steaming “salabat” (ginger brew), tsokolate ( native chocolate drink) or coffee.

    8.Celebrate with numerous Christmas parties and start your gift-giving.

    December 24

    9. In the provinces, watch the "Panunuluyan" in the town plaza on Christmas Eve. This is a re-enactment of the Joseph and Mary’s journey to Bethlehem to portrays the difficulty they encountered along the way and the joyous birth of Jesus Christ.

    10. Attend midnight Mass on Christmas Eve. Nowadays, several masses are held on Christmas Eve to accommodate everyone, but the most attended is the last mass before midnight.

    11. Gather with friends and relatives for "Noche Buena" at midnight, and feast on “jamon” ( ham ), “quezo de bola” ( quedam cheese ball ), bibingka ( rice cake ) and sopas ( soup, normally with macaroni noodles ) and pandesal (soft bread) or “tasty” ( sliced bread ) This festive meal is followed by the exchange of gifts.

    December 25

    12. Arrange to visit family and friends on Christmas Day. Eat “Noche Buena” leftovers. Exchange more gifts.

    December 28

    13. Tease your friends by trying to borrow money and playing pranks on December 28, the “Ninos Inocentes” or Feast of the Innocent’s Day.

    December 31

    14. Buy round fruits and dress in clothes with lots of circles (circles to represent money) and carry some cash on New Year’s Eve to bring riches in the coming year.

    15. Just before midnight, make lots of noise to drive away the bad luck and the Old Year, and light “lusis” (sparklers), “kwitis” (fireworks) and “rebentador” (firecrackers, mini-bombs) to welcome good luck and the New Year.

    January 1

    16. Gather again with friends and relatives for "Noche Buena" after midnight to feast on a “lechon” ( roast pig ), “lechon manok” (roast chicken) and other delicacies. This sumptious first meal will hopefully bring more good meals throughout the New Year.

    17. Drink and be merry the rest of the night.

    Feast of the Three Kings

    18. Attend mass. The holiday season officially draws to a close on the Feast of the Three Kings on the first Sunday of January.

    19. Take down those Christmas decorations and start counting: 350 or so days till the next Christmas…

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