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The Filipino Spirit
Interesting Trivia of Philippine History



Llanera's skullThe black flag with the skull and cross bones was called "Llanera's skull" by Andres Bonifacio.

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A Musikong Bumbong (band with bamboo musical instruments) accompanied Mariano Llanera and the rebels of San Isidro when, using only bolos and pointed sticks (and the band), they attacked the Spanish Garrison on September 2, 3 and 4, 1896.

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The Cry of Balintawak (Aug 26, 1896) was actually the Cry of Pugadlawin (Aug 23, 1896)

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Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected in absentia during the Tejeros Convention

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Gen. Arthur MacArthur liberated Manila (Mock Battle of Manila) in 1898, while Gen. Douglas MacArthur liberated Manila in World War II.

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At the time of the proclamation of the Philippine Independence, Aguinaldo's official title was "Dictator."

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During the first skirmish of Katipuneros and Spaniards on August 26, 1896, both sides retreated: the Katipuneros retreated because they had only a few guns and bolos; the Spaniards retreated because they were greatly outnumbered.

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Winnings from a lottery were donated by Candido Iban and Francisco del Castillo to purchase the Katipunan printing press used to print the Katipunan newspaper, the Kalayaan .

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Aguinaldo purchased 2,000 rifles and 200,000 rounds of ammunition for P50,000 to resume the revolution in May 1898.

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Apolinario Mabini upon return from his exile, enthusiastically consumed large amounts of unpasteurized carabao's milk, and consequently died of cholera.

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The floor of the grand hall of the Aguinaldo mansion is a waxed-and-polished jigsaw puzzle of flags.

The Philippine National Anthem played during the declaration of Philippine Independence, as the Marcha Nacional Filipina on June 12, 1898, had no words.

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The balcony at the Aguinaldo Shrine used during Independence Day celebrations was added later. The actual Act of Declaration of Philippine Independence was made from a window, not a balcony.

Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo met Apolinario Mabini just before he declared independence.

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Andres Bonifacio and practically the entire Katipunan idolized Rizal. Bonifacio wanted to obtain Rizal's consent to start the revolution.

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Bonifacio's popular imageAndres Bonifacio's popularly known image (waving a bolo, wearing an open camisa chino, and rolled-up pants) is probably far from his true likeness. Bonifacio preferred in battle his revolver over his bolo. The sole known photograph of him shows him wearing a coat.

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Among the membership dues of La Liga Filipina was a monthly fee of ten centavos.

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Gen. Miguel Malvar was also a Philippine President.

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Andres Bonifacio had four years of formal schooling compared to seven years for Emilio Aguinaldo. However, while Bonifacio wrote and spoke good Spanish, Aguinaldo was barely able to speak Spanish.

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Mabini was the first victim of censorship by Aguinaldo.

I have just heard rumors that there is an article by Mabini in La Independencia entitled "Algo para el Congreso" in which said body was severely criticized, and that, such an article should not have been published because it disgraces our people ... seeming to confirm our lack of union. I have not read it and even though I should have done so, I would not thoroughly understand it, as you know, I scarcely understand the Spanish language.
-- Emilio Aguinaldo, writing to Teodorico Sandico on August 2, 1899
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Andres Bonifacio defined a Tagalog as "anyone born and raised in the archipelago such that even if you are Visayan, Ilocano, or Kapampangan, you are also a Tagalog."

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Top History Links

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