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The Filipino Spirit
Heroes of the Philippine Revolution of 1896 - 1898



I die, without seeing the Day dawning on my country...
You who will see it, greet it..
and forget not those who fell during the night
Jose Rizal



Martyrs Leaders of the Revolution The Katipunan Agitators in Barcelona Famous Generals Famous Mothers Other Heroes

Emilio Aguinaldo

  • Declared Philippine Independence in Kawit on June 12, 1898
  • First President of the Philippines
  • born March 30, 1869 in Kawit, Cavite
  • died February 6, 1964 in Kawit. Cavite
  • Click here for more on Emilio Aguinaldo

Teodora Alonzo

"The Rizals offer their lives to their mother country because of their inherent patriotism and not because of money."
  • mother of Jose Rizal
  • first teacher of young Rizal
  • born November 9, 1827 in Meisek, Tondo
  • died 1911
  • Click here for more on Teodora Alonzo

Melchora Aquino

  • known as Tandang Sora
  • the Mother of Katipunan
  • aided ailing Katipuneros before and during the revolution
  • born January 6, 1812 in Banilad, Caloocan
  • died March 2, 1919
  • Click here for more on Melchora Aquino

Andres Bonifacio

  • Father of the Katipunan
  • Father of the Revolution and Philippine Democracy
  • the "Supremo"
  • the Great Plebeian
  • born November 30, 1863 in Tundo, Manila
  • died May 10 1897, in Mt. Buntis, by execution
  • Click here for more on Andres Bonifacio

Padre Jose Ma. Burgos

  • priest-reformist
  • one of the GOMBURZA martyrs executed by Spain, on suspicion of rebellion
  • taught Rizal at the Ateneo de Manila
  • born February 9, 1837
  • died February 28, 1872 at Bagumbayan by execution
  • Click here for more on Padre Burgos.

Gregoria de Jesus

  • known as Lakambini
  • wife of Andres Bonifacio
  • Lakambini, wife of Andres Bonifacio
  • Mother of the Philippine Revolution
  • born May 9, 1875 in Kalookan
  • died March 15, 1943
  • Click here for more on Gregoria de Jesus.

Emilio Jacinto

  • Brains of the Katipunan
  • wrote the Kartilya ng Katipunan
  • born December 15, 1875 in Trozo, Manila
  • died April 16, 1899 in Mahayhay, Laguna
  • Click here for more on Emilio Jacinto

Graciano Lopez Jaena

  • one of the leading propagandist in Spain, for reforms in the Philippines
  • leading orator of the Propaganda movement
  • editor of La Solidaridad
  • born December 29, 1856
  • died January 22, 1896 in Barcelona, Spain
  • Click here for more on Graciano Lopez Jaena

Gen. Antonio Luna

  • brilliant general under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine revolution
  • born October 29, 1869 Urbiztondo, Manila
  • died June 5, 1899 in Cabanatuan
  • Click here for more on Gen. Antonio Luna

Juan Luna

  • renowned painter
  • persecuted on suspicion of supporting the Katipunan
  • born October 23, 1857 in Badoc, Ilocos Norte to Joaquin Luna and Laurena Novicio.
  • died December 23, 1899
  • Click here for more on Juan Luna

Apolinario Mabini

  • Conscience and Brain of the Philippine Revolution
  • the Sublime Paralytic
  • key adviser of Emilio Aguinaldo
  • proposed the first constitution of the Philippine Republic
  • born July 22, 1864 Barrio Talaga, Tanawan Batangas to Inocencio Mabini, Dionisia Maranan
  • died May 13, 1903
  • Click here for more on Apolinario Mabini
Gen. Miguel Malvar

Gen. Miguel Malvar

  • last Filipino to surrender to the Americans
  • President after Aguinaldo was captured by the Americans
  • undertook the siege of San Pablo, Laguna
  • born September 27, 1865 Barrio San Miguel, Sto Tomas Batangas to Maximo Malvar and Tiburcia Carpio
  • died October 13, 1911
  • Click here for more on Gen. Miguel Malvar

Gen Gregorio del Pilar

  • hero of Tirad Pass
  • commander of last Army of Gen. Aguinaldo
  • born November 14, 1875
  • died December 2, 1899 fighting the Americans at Tirad pass
  • Click here for more on Gen. Gregorio del Pilar

Marcelo H del Pilar

  • popularly known as Plaridel
  • leading propagandist for reforms in the Philippines
  • editor and co-publisher of La Solidaridad
  • born August 30, 1850 in Cupang, San Nicolas, Bulacan to Julian del Pilar and Blasa Gatmaytan
  • died July 4, 1893 in Barcelona, Spain
  • Click here for more on Marcelo H. del Pilar

Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado

  • Philippine National Hero
  • author of Noli Me Tangere and La Solidaridad
  • founder of the La Liga Filipina
  • born June 19, 1861 in Calamba, Laguna
    Seventh child of Francisco Engracio Rizal Mercado y Alejandro, and Teodora Morales Alonzo Realonda y Quintos
  • died December 30, 1896 at Bagumbayan (now Luneta); execution by musketry
  • Click here for more on Dr. Jose Rizal

Top History Links

Philippine Centennial
Heroes of the Revolution
Unsung Heroes
The Katipunan
Mga Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Philam War Documents
Philippine Revolution Documents

Filipino Spirit

Evolution of the Filipino Flag
Panatang Makabayan
Pledge of Allegiance
1956: Lupang Hinirang (Filipino)
1934: Philippine Hymn (English)
1899: Filipinas (Spanish)
1898: Marcha Nacional(melody)
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