- Philippine Culture

History Search

Home | Tourism | Showbiz | Culture | Trivia | History | Arts | Churches | Related Products | Directory

  KKK     The Katipunan
The Supreme Councils

In 1892, Bonifacio convened the original members and decided to change the method of recruiting members. It was agreed that any member of the society could take in as many new members as he could get. Under this new method, the membership of the society reached more than 100. Thereupon, an election was held, with the following as officers of the first Supreme Council:

Deosdato Arellano   President or Supremo
Andres Bonifacio   Intervenor or Comptroller
Ladislao Diwa   Fiscal
Teodoro Plata   Secretary
Valentin Diaz   Treasurer

In a meeting in February 1893, Bonifacio, disgusted over Arellano's inaction, deposed him and put Roman Basa in his place as Supremo. The officers of this second Supreme Council were:

Roman Basa   President or Supremo
Andres Bonifacio   Fiscal
Jose Turiano Santiago  Secretary
Vicente Molina   Treasurer
Briccio Pantas   Councilor
Restituto Javier   Councilor
Teodoro Plata   Councilor
Teodoro Gonzales   Councilor
Ladislao Diwa   Councilor

When early in 1895, Bonifacio realized that Roman Basa was as ineffectual as Deodato Arellano, he called a meeting of the society and promptly deposed Basa. The election resulted in the elevation of the following to the different offices:

Andres Bonifacio   Supremo
Emilio Jacinto   Fiscal
Jose Turiano Santiago  Secretary
Vicente Molina   Treasurer
Pio Valenzuela   Physician
Pantaleon Torres   Councilor
Aguedo del Rosario   Councilor
Doroteo Trinidad   Councilor

On December 31, 1895, another election to the Supreme Council was held, with the following officers:

Andres Bonifacio   Supremo
Pio Valenzuela   Fiscal and Physician
Emilio Jacinto   Secretary
Vicente Molina   Treasurer
Enrique Pacheco   Councilor
Pantaleon Torres   Councilor
Balbino Florentino   Councilor
Francisco Carreon   Councilor
Hermenigildo Reyes   Councilor

Eight months later, in August 1896, immediately before the discovery of the Katipunan, the fifth and last Supreme Council took its oath of office. Elected were:

Andres Bonifacio   Supremo
Emilio Jacinto   Secretary of State
Teodoro Plata   Secretary of War
Briccio Pantas   Secretary of Justice
Aguedo del Rosario   Secretary of Interior
Enrique Pacheco   Secretary of Finance

Immediately before the outbreak of the revolution, therefore, Bonifacio organized the Katipunan into a government revolving around a "cabinet" composed of men of his confidence.

History of the Filipino People. Teodoro A. Agoncillo

Top History Links

Philippine Centennial
Heroes of the Revolution
Unsung Heroes
The Katipunan
Mga Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Philam War Documents
Philippine Revolution Documents

Filipino Spirit

Evolution of the Filipino Flag
Panatang Makabayan
Pledge of Allegiance
1956: Lupang Hinirang (Filipino)
1934: Philippine Hymn (English)
1899: Filipinas (Spanish)
1898: Marcha Nacional(melody)
Bayan Ko
Ads by Kabayan
Filipina Beauty
Secrets, Tips and Tricks.
For the Beautiful Filipina

Ads by Kabayan
Pinoy Showbiz
Filipino Celebrity Profile, News
Angel, Kim Chiu, John Lloyd, Piolo
Ads by Kabayan
Philippine Tourism
How to have fun visiting
The 7,107 Philippine islands - Philippine Culture Recommends

Laguna Business Directory

Laguna Business Directory - The complete business directory for businesses in Laguna, Philippines.

Pinoy Food

Tunay na Lasang Pinoy - Savor traditional Pinoy food.

Be Naturally Beautiful with Splash Products

Filipina Beauty - Be naturally beautiful with Filipina beauty secrets and beauty products

Austrian Swarovski Pearl Rosary Necklace

KC Gems Elegant, inexpensive hand-made bead accessories perfect for you or as gifts for your loved ones. - Philippine Culture