- Philippine Culture

History Search

Home | Tourism | Showbiz | Culture | Trivia | History | Arts | Churches | Related Products | Directory

Hero of the Philippine Revolution
Padre Jose Ma. Burgos
  • priest-reformist
  • one of the GOMBURZA martyrs executed by Spain, on suspicion of rebellion
  • taught Rizal at the Ateneo de Manila
  • born February 9, 1837
  • died February 28, 1872 at Bagumbayan by execution

Padre Jose Ma. Burgos studied in San Juan de Letran. He sought equal treatment for browns and whites. He was busy seeking reforms when the Cavite Revolt broke out in 1872.

Padre Burgos was suspected to be one of those inciting the people to revolt. On February 15, 1872, during a secret trial, three Filipino priests were sentenced to die at the gallows.

The three priests, Fathers Gomez, Burgos and Zamora were executed at the gallows in Bagumbayan on February 28, 1872. The three martyred priests were collectively called the GOMBURZA.

Excerpts from Talambuhay ng mga Bayani
by Rene Alba

The GOMBURZA priests were executed in Bagumbayan in 1872, and buried in an unknown location at the Paco Cemetery.

In 1998, bones believed to be the missing bones of the Gomburza martyrs were accidentally found at the Paco Park Cemetery by the Manila City Engineers Office.

The youngest among the three Filipino Martyr Priests(Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora), Father Jose Burgos was born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur on February 9, 1837. His parents were Jose Burgos and Florencia Garcia.

Young Jose's first teacher was his mother who taught him to read and write. After finishing his elementary grades in Vigan in 1849, he went to Manila and enrolled at the San Juan de Letran College where he excelled in all subjects. At the age of 17, he finished Bachiller en Artes with honors. He studied priesthood at the University of Santo Tomas and said his first mass at the Parroquia del Sagrario de Intramuros.

For his courageous defense of the cause of Filipino priesthood, Father Burgos earned for himself the name "Champion of the Cause of the Filipino Clergy" but incurred the hatred of the Spanish friars. Thus, when the Cavite mutiny broke out in 1872, the Spanish authorities arrested him together with Father Gomes and Father Zamora, charging them of having incited the revolution. After a mock trial at Fort Santiago on February 15, 1872, they were sentenced to die by means of the garrote, a Spanish strangulation by an iron collar tightened by a screw. On February 17, 1872, they were executed in Bagumbayan, now the Luneta.

Source: Father Jose Burgos. National Bookstore.

Father Jose Apolonio Burgos
(1837 - 1872)

A brilliant scholar with several degrees after his name, Fr. Jose Apolonio Burgos was one of the ecclesiastical reformists of 1872 who championed the cause of the Filipino clergy.

In 1853, he graduated at San Juan de Letran with a bachilerato and then took up priesthood against the wishes of his parents. At the University of Santo Tomas, he obtained the degree of Bachelor of Theology (1859), Master of Philosophy (1860), Master of Theology (1862), Bachelor of Canon Law (1866), and finally, Doctor of Canon Law(1871).

Having completed his secular studies, he became a parochial priest in Sagrario de Intramuros, an ecclesiastical fiscal and magistral of the Manila Cathedral, and finally, a master of the claustral ceremony at the University of Santo Tomas.

He campaigned for the "secularization" of the parishes and for more liberal conditions in the Philippines through newspapers published in Spain. He was recommended for elevation to the bishopric by the liberal party in power, the conservatives. Along with Father Mariano Gomez and Jacinto Zamora, he was falsely implicated in the Cavite Mutiny of 1872.

Father Burgos was born on February 9, 1837 in Vigan, Ilocos Sur to Jose Burgos, a lieutenant of the Spanish militia, and Dona Florentina Garcia. He had two sisters, Maria and Antonia.

Top History Links

Philippine Centennial
Heroes of the Revolution
Unsung Heroes
The Katipunan
Mga Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Philam War Documents
Philippine Revolution Documents

Filipino Spirit

Evolution of the Filipino Flag
Panatang Makabayan
Pledge of Allegiance
1956: Lupang Hinirang (Filipino)
1934: Philippine Hymn (English)
1899: Filipinas (Spanish)
1898: Marcha Nacional(melody)
Bayan Ko
Ads by Kabayan
Filipina Beauty
Secrets, Tips and Tricks.
For the Beautiful Filipina

Ads by Kabayan
Pinoy Showbiz
Filipino Celebrity Profile, News
Angel, Kim Chiu, John Lloyd, Piolo
Ads by Kabayan
Philippine Tourism
How to have fun visiting
The 7,107 Philippine islands - Philippine Culture Recommends

Laguna Business Directory

Laguna Business Directory - The complete business directory for businesses in Laguna, Philippines.

Pinoy Food

Tunay na Lasang Pinoy - Savor traditional Pinoy food.

Be Naturally Beautiful with Splash Products

Filipina Beauty - Be naturally beautiful with Filipina beauty secrets a and beauty products

Austrian Swarovski Pearl Rosary Necklace

KC Gems Elegant, inexpensive hand-made bead accessories perfect for you or as gifts for your loved ones. - Philippine Culture