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Hero of the Philippine Revolution
Gen. Antonio Luna
  • brilliant general under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine revolution
  • born October 29, 1869 in Urbiztondo, Manila to Joaquin Luna de San Pedro and Laurena Novicio.
  • died June 5, 1899 in Cabanatuan

          Antonio Luna was the fiery-tempered but brilliant military strategist of Gen Aguinaldo. He was the brother of the famous painter Juan Luna.

          Antonio Luna studied Bachelor of Arts at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, studied pharmacy at the Univerity of Santo Tomas, but finished it in Barcelona, Spain. He obtained his Doctor of Medicine at the Central University of Madrid, and studied further in France and Belgium.

          He wrote in La Solidaridad under the Nom de Plume "Taga-Ilog" He also managed the paper La Independencia.

          In 1897, he was deported to Spain and imprisoned in Carcel Modelo de Madrid. When he was released, he studied military tactics. During the Phil-Am war, he was made a general by Aguinaldo. Because of his bravery, he was made director of War on September 26, 1898. General Luna became famous for bravery, unusual style of fighting, and strict discipline. ( strict and dictator-like )

          At the age of 31, he was shot dead in Cabanatuan in a treacherous attack led by a disgruntled Filipino Sergeant.

          Excerpts from Talambuhay ng mga Bayani by Rene Alba

          When the Republic formed the Red Cross Association, Luna requested that it "collect funds with which to give small gifts to the soldiers who were fighting in the lines." Moreover, he invited the Red Cross Ladies to bring these gifts to the soldiers themselves. He had two aims in view:

          • to build the soldiers' morale, and
          • to enable the ladies "to give accurate reports of the sufferings and necessities of the troops."

          Consequently, Luna had the ladies carried by train from San Fernando, Pampanga to the frontlines. The effect was visibly excellent. Luna said:

            "If at that moment, the enemy attacked, there is no doubt that they would have died first before abandoning their posts!"

          Source : The Rise and Fall of Antonio Luna. Vivencio R. Jose



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